Rates of injury/athlete safety
"Artificial turf was very likely to have harmful effects for minor injuries in rugby union training and severe injuries in young female soccer players."
"...likely increased risk of ankle injury on third and fourth generation artificial turfs."
A review of football injuries on third and fourth generation artificial turfs compared with natural turf
Williams, S., Hume, P.A., Kara, S.
Sports Med. Sports Med. 2011 Nov 1;41(11):903-23. doi: 10.2165/11593190-000000000-00000.
"Athletes were also 1.39 times as likely to be injured when playing on modern artificial turf as when playing on grass."
Football knee injuries more likely on artificial turf: study, Reuters, Mon Apr 30, 2012
"...synthetic turf is more abrasive than natural turf grass and, as a result, breaks in the skin are more common, creating a pathway for infection when in contact with an infected surface."
Human Health Issues on Synthetic TurfSerensits, T.J., McNitt, A.S., Petrunak, D.M.
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology
published online 13 June 2011
"Athletes may sustain injuries at increased rates on the newer surfaces. However, these surfaces remain attractive to athletes and administrators alike because of their durability, relative ease of maintenance, and multiuse potential."
Synthetic playing surfaces and athlete health
Drakos, M.C., Taylor, S.A., Fabricant, P.D., Haleem, A.M.
J Am Acad Orhop Surg. 2013 May;21(5):293-302.
"Several CDC investigations have documented ‘turf burns’ from second generation synthetic turf fields as a risk factor in clusters of MRSA "
Synthetic Turf, Joel Forman MD, Assoc Professor, Dept Community & Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, NY